ubuntu+apache+php配置https的方法

本文建立在apache和ubuntu环境以及配置好的情况下的配置方法。

在终端输入一下命令开启apache的ssl

#开启apache2 ssl模块
a2enmod ssl
#开启默认ssl虚拟站点
a2ensite default-ssl  //就是在sites-enabled下自动生成default-ssl文件 默认方法站点
# 重启 apache2 服务
/etc/init.d/apache2 restart
#防火墙开启 HTTPS 默认端口443
ufw allow 443/tcp

当ssl开启 mods-enabled 模块中多了 ssl.load ssl.conf文件表示成功开启;
sites-enabled 多了default-ssl文件

我的apache目录

apache2.conf  envvars     magic           mods-enabled  sites-available
conf.d        httpd.conf  mods-available  ports.conf    sites-enabled

改端口:vim ports.conf 让其支持443

NameVirtualHost *:80
Listen 80
        
<IfModule mod_ssl.c>
    # If you add NameVirtualHost *:443 here, you will also have to change
    # the VirtualHost statement in /etc/apache2/sites-available/default-ssl
    # to <VirtualHost *:443>
    # Server Name Indication for SSL named virtual hosts is currently not
    # supported by MSIE on Windows XP.
    Listen 443
</IfModule> 
    
<IfModule mod_gnutls.c>
    Listen 443
</IfModule>

在阿里云注册ca证书,签发成功后 下载apache下的证书,上传到服务器自定义目录,阿里云ssl证书,apache配置方法:

安装证书
文件说明:
1. 证书文件1523154935014.pem,包含两段内容,请不要删除任何一段内容。
2. 如果是证书系统创建的CSR,还包含:证书私钥文件1523154935014.key、证书公钥文件public.pem、证书链文件chain.pem
( 1 ) Apache的安装目录下创建cert目录,并且将下载的全部文件拷贝到cert目录中。如果申请证书时是自己创建的CSR文件,请将对应的私钥文件放到cert目录下并且命名为1523154935014.key
( 2 ) 打开 apache 安装目录下 conf 目录中的 httpd.conf 文件,找到以下内容并去掉“#”:
#LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so (如果找不到请确认是否编译过 openssl 插件)
#Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
( 3 ) 打开 apache 安装目录下 conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf 文件 (也可能是conf.d/ssl.conf,与操作系统及安装方式有关) 在配置文件中查找以下配置语句:
# 添加 SSL 协议支持协议,去掉不安全的协议
SSLProtocol all -SSLv2 -SSLv3
# 修改加密套件如下
SSLCipherSuite HIGH:!RC4:!MD5:!aNULL:!eNULL:!NULL:!DH:!EDH:!EXP:+MEDIUM
SSLHonorCipherOrder on
# 证书公钥配置
SSLCertificateFile cert/public.pem
# 证书私钥配置
SSLCertificateKeyFile cert/1523154935014.key
# 证书链配置,如果该属性开头有 '#'字符,请删除掉
SSLCertificateChainFile cert/chain.pem
( 4 ) 重启 Apache
( 5 ) 通过 https 方式访问您的站点,测试站点证书的安装配置,如遇到证书不信任问题,请查看帮助视频。

打开我的default-ssl文件 按照文档配置https如下:

<IfModule mod_ssl.c>
<VirtualHost _default_:443>
	ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
	ServerName 域名
	DocumentRoot 工程目录
	<Directory />
		Options FollowSymLinks
		AllowOverride None
	</Directory>
	<Directory 工程目录/>
		Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
		AllowOverride None
		Order allow,deny
		allow from all
	</Directory>

	ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
	<Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">
		AllowOverride None
		Options +ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
		Order allow,deny
		Allow from all
	</Directory>

	ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log

	# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
	# alert, emerg.
	LogLevel warn

	CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/ssl_access.log combined

	Alias /doc/ "/usr/share/doc/"
	<Directory "/usr/share/doc/">
		Options Indexes MultiViews FollowSymLinks
		AllowOverride None
		Order deny,allow
		Deny from all
		Allow from 127.0.0.0/255.0.0.0 ::1/128
	</Directory>

	#   SSL Engine Switch:
	#   Enable/Disable SSL for this virtual host.
	SSLEngine on

	# 添加 SSL 协议支持协议,去掉不安全的协议
	SSLProtocol all -SSLv2 -SSLv3
	# 修改加密套件如下
	SSLCipherSuite HIGH:!RC4:!MD5:!aNULL:!eNULL:!NULL:!DH:!EDH:!EXP:+MEDIUM
	SSLHonorCipherOrder on
	#   A self-signed (snakeoil) certificate can be created by installing
	#   the ssl-cert package. See
	#   /usr/share/doc/apache2.2-common/README.Debian.gz for more info.
	#   If both key and certificate are stored in the same file, only the
	#   SSLCertificateFile directive is needed.
	
	#自定义的证书路径
	SSLCertificateFile    /etc/ssl/public.pem
	SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/ssl/1523154935014.key

	#   Server Certificate Chain:
	#   Point SSLCertificateChainFile at a file containing the
	#   concatenation of PEM encoded CA certificates which form the
	#   certificate chain for the server certificate. Alternatively
	#   the referenced file can be the same as SSLCertificateFile
	#   when the CA certificates are directly appended to the server
	#   certificate for convinience.
	#自定义的证书路径
	SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/ssl/chain.pem

	#   Certificate Authority (CA):
	#   Set the CA certificate verification path where to find CA
	#   certificates for client authentication or alternatively one
	#   huge file containing all of them (file must be PEM encoded)
	#   Note: Inside SSLCACertificatePath you need hash symlinks
	#         to point to the certificate files. Use the provided
	#         Makefile to update the hash symlinks after changes.
	#SSLCACertificatePath /etc/ssl/certs/
	#SSLCACertificateFile /etc/apache2/ssl.crt/ca-bundle.crt

	#   Certificate Revocation Lists (CRL):
	#   Set the CA revocation path where to find CA CRLs for client
	#   authentication or alternatively one huge file containing all
	#   of them (file must be PEM encoded)
	#   Note: Inside SSLCARevocationPath you need hash symlinks
	#         to point to the certificate files. Use the provided
	#         Makefile to update the hash symlinks after changes.
	#SSLCARevocationPath /etc/apache2/ssl.crl/
	#SSLCARevocationFile /etc/apache2/ssl.crl/ca-bundle.crl

	#   Client Authentication (Type):
	#   Client certificate verification type and depth.  Types are
	#   none, optional, require and optional_no_ca.  Depth is a
	#   number which specifies how deeply to verify the certificate
	#   issuer chain before deciding the certificate is not valid.
	#SSLVerifyClient require
	#SSLVerifyDepth  10

	#   Access Control:
	#   With SSLRequire you can do per-directory access control based
	#   on arbitrary complex boolean expressions containing server
	#   variable checks and other lookup directives.  The syntax is a
	#   mixture between C and Perl.  See the mod_ssl documentation
	#   for more details.
	#<Location />
	#SSLRequire (    %{SSL_CIPHER} !~ m/^(EXP|NULL)/ \
	#            and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_O} eq "Snake Oil, Ltd." \
	#            and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_OU} in {"Staff", "CA", "Dev"} \
	#            and %{TIME_WDAY} >= 1 and %{TIME_WDAY} <= 5 \
	#            and %{TIME_HOUR} >= 8 and %{TIME_HOUR} <= 20       ) \
	#           or %{REMOTE_ADDR} =~ m/^192\.76\.162\.[0-9]+$/
	#</Location>

	#   SSL Engine Options:
	#   Set various options for the SSL engine.
	#   o FakeBasicAuth:
	#     Translate the client X.509 into a Basic Authorisation.  This means that
	#     the standard Auth/DBMAuth methods can be used for access control.  The
	#     user name is the `one line' version of the client's X.509 certificate.
	#     Note that no password is obtained from the user. Every entry in the user
	#     file needs this password: `xxj31ZMTZzkVA'.
	#   o ExportCertData:
	#     This exports two additional environment variables: SSL_CLIENT_CERT and
	#     SSL_SERVER_CERT. These contain the PEM-encoded certificates of the
	#     server (always existing) and the client (only existing when client
	#     authentication is used). This can be used to import the certificates
	#     into CGI scripts.
	#   o StdEnvVars:
	#     This exports the standard SSL/TLS related `SSL_*' environment variables.
	#     Per default this exportation is switched off for performance reasons,
	#     because the extraction step is an expensive operation and is usually
	#     useless for serving static content. So one usually enables the
	#     exportation for CGI and SSI requests only.
	#   o StrictRequire:
	#     This denies access when "SSLRequireSSL" or "SSLRequire" applied even
	#     under a "Satisfy any" situation, i.e. when it applies access is denied
	#     and no other module can change it.
	#   o OptRenegotiate:
	#     This enables optimized SSL connection renegotiation handling when SSL
	#     directives are used in per-directory context.
	#SSLOptions +FakeBasicAuth +ExportCertData +StrictRequire
	<FilesMatch "\.(cgi|shtml|phtml|php)$">
		SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
	</FilesMatch>
	<Directory /usr/lib/cgi-bin>
		SSLOptions +StdEnvVars
	</Directory>

	#   SSL Protocol Adjustments:
	#   The safe and default but still SSL/TLS standard compliant shutdown
	#   approach is that mod_ssl sends the close notify alert but doesn't wait for
	#   the close notify alert from client. When you need a different shutdown
	#   approach you can use one of the following variables:
	#   o ssl-unclean-shutdown:
	#     This forces an unclean shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. no
	#     SSL close notify alert is send or allowed to received.  This violates
	#     the SSL/TLS standard but is needed for some brain-dead browsers. Use
	#     this when you receive I/O errors because of the standard approach where
	#     mod_ssl sends the close notify alert.
	#   o ssl-accurate-shutdown:
	#     This forces an accurate shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. a
	#     SSL close notify alert is send and mod_ssl waits for the close notify
	#     alert of the client. This is 100% SSL/TLS standard compliant, but in
	#     practice often causes hanging connections with brain-dead browsers. Use
	#     this only for browsers where you know that their SSL implementation
	#     works correctly.
	#   Notice: Most problems of broken clients are also related to the HTTP
	#   keep-alive facility, so you usually additionally want to disable
	#   keep-alive for those clients, too. Use variable "nokeepalive" for this.
	#   Similarly, one has to force some clients to use HTTP/1.0 to workaround
	#   their broken HTTP/1.1 implementation. Use variables "downgrade-1.0" and
	#   "force-response-1.0" for this.
	BrowserMatch "MSIE [2-6]" \
		nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown \
		downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0
	# MSIE 7 and newer should be able to use keepalive
	BrowserMatch "MSIE [17-9]" ssl-unclean-shutdown

</VirtualHost>
</IfModule>

配置方法看起非常简单,一次性搞定,希望对你有帮助。